Birkenfeld



One night in February , Johannes Bückler, known as Schinderhannes , burgled a cloth factory owned by the Brothers Stumm, who would later become coal and steel entrepreneurs on the Saar.

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Bitte kontaktieren Sie uns bei Fragen. We offer shipping discounts. From the name's Frankish roots it can be inferred that today's town arose on a spot where there was quite a noticeable stand of birch trees sometime about the year AD , and that it was founded by Frankish -German farmers. To this day, there are a great number of birch trees in the bird conservation area at the clay quarries.

The first attestation of the name is spelled Bikenuelt about or Birkinvelt at the time when it had a documentary mention from Archbishop of Trier Egbert in From this document comes knowledge that Saint Leudwinus Archbishop of Trier had donated to the St. Paulinus' Abbey in Trier the churches at Birkenfeld and Brombach. Archaeological finds from the Iron Age , however, bear witness to quite heavy settlement even in the 8th century BC. In the 1st century BC, Roman legions overran the area, and for years, it lay under Roman rule.

This is known mainly from finds made in the town's immediate vicinity. The Frankish settlement of Birkinvelt was held in the 13th century by the Counts of Sponheim. In , Castle Birkenfeld had its first documentary mention.

In , Birkenfeld was granted town rights by Emperor Louis the Bavarian. In this same year, expansion work also began on the castle to turn it into a princely residence in the Renaissance style. Exactly years later, the last remnants of the Princely holding of court at Schloss Birkenfeld, as it had come to be known, were swept away. During the Thirty Years' War — , the town itself became in a theatre of war. Also that year, the Plague broke out in Birkenfeld and claimed lives.

In this time, Birkenfeld blossomed. The town experienced an economic and cultural upswing. One night in February , Johannes Bückler, known as Schinderhannes , burgled a cloth factory owned by the Brothers Stumm, who would later become coal and steel entrepreneurs on the Saar. A large part of the cloth stolen during this break-in Schinderhannes sold to a fence in Hundheim.

After the Congress of Vienna , the Principality of Birkenfeld was awarded to the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg in for the contribution of Peter I , then regent of Oldenburg, to the military effort against Napoleon. Wendel-Baumholder this designation as a Restkreis had arisen from its being what had been left of the Sankt Wendel district on the Prussian side of the border once the Territory of the Saar Basin had been formed under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.

After the Second World War , Birkenfeld belonged to the French zone of occupation, and since , it has been a district seat in Rhineland-Palatinate. Birkenfeld has been a district seat since and forms together with 30 other municipalities a Verbandsgemeinde , a kind of collective municipality, called the Verbandsgemeinde of Birkenfeld. The council is made up of 22 council members, who were elected by proportional representation at the municipal election held on 25 May , and the honorary mayor as chairman.

The municipal election held on 25 May yielded the following results: Peter Nauert is the first mayor ever to be elected by direct vote by the people of Birkenfeld. Both his predecessors, Manfred Dreier and Erich Mörsdorf, headed both the town and the Verbandsgemeinde of Birkenfeld at once. Werner Käufer was the last professional mayor of the town of Birkenfeld. Indeed, he was acclaimed in the office in with a great majority for another 12 years, but by , he had to give up his professional office when, under administrative restructuring in Rhineland-Palatinate , towns with fewer than 7, inhabitants were merged into Verbandsgemeinden.

The town's arms might be described thus: Azure on a mount vert a birch tree with roots proper surmounted by an inescutcheon chequy gules and argent. This composition is based on an old court seal from The arms have been borne since 29 October , when they were approved by the Ministry of the Interior at Oldenburg. Jo, jo, Herr Kirjerot, pririje kann e jela, awa noch lang net loule! Lambdacism, though, long ago vanished from the Birkenfeld dialect, having given way to the other shift that is customary in Hunsrückisch: Here, through reconstructions, archaeological finds and replicas, these people's life is presented.

Further exhibits deal with regional and territorial history of the Birkenfelder Land.